This image shows a summary of some of the findings from an analysis of global ocean temperature data by the NOAA Climate Prediction Center for 2014. As previously announced by NOAA, 2014 was the warmest year for surface ocean temperatures on record, dating back to 1880. In addition, CPC found that the Pacific and Indian basins had the 2nd and 3rd warmest years, respectively, since 1982. Very warm conditions in the northeast Pacific were indicative of the positive phase of the Pacific Decadal Oscillation that became established in March. However, in the southeast Pacific, temperatures were much cooler than normal, and this gradient from warmer to cooler had strong impacts on local climates over the past year. The Atlantic was characterized by a tripole pattern of temperatures: warmer than normal conditions were found in the northern and southwestern Atlantic, whereas the tropical areas were neutral.
Browse the full archive of NOAA satellite sea surface temperature data in NOAA View.
An unlabeled version of this image may be downloaded here.